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Energy-Efficient Electrochemical Oxidation of PFOA Using a Ti4O7 Reactive Electrochemical Membrane

Updated: Aug 28, 2019

"An energy-efficient Magnéli phase Ti4O7 reactive electrochemical membrane (REM) was applied for the oxidation of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS). Approximately 5-log removal of these compounds was achieved in a single pass through the REM with residence times of ∼11 s at 3.3 V/SHE for PFOA and 3.6 V/SHE for PFOS. The permeate concentrations of PFOA and PFOS were <86 and 35 ng L–1, from initial concentrations of 4.14 and 5 mg L–1, respectively. The highest removal rates were 3415 ± 203 μmol m–2 h–1 for PFOA and 2436 ± 106 μmol m–2 h–1 for PFOS at a permeate flux of 720 L m–2 h–1 (residence times of ∼3.8 s). The levels of energy consumption (per log removal) to remove PFOA and PFOS to below the detection limits were 5.1 and 6.7 kWh m–3, respectively. These values are the lowest reported for electrochemical oxidation and approximately an order of magnitude lower than those reported for other technologies (i.e., ultrasonication, photocatalysis, vacuum ultraviolet photolysis, and microwave–hydrothermal decomposition), demonstrating the promise of the REM technology for water treatment applications."

Article written by Thi Xuan Huong Le, Holly Haflich, Amisha D. Shah, Brian P. Chaplin and published in Environ. Sci. Technol. Lett. 201968504-510 Publication Date:July 24, 2019

Copyright © 2019 American Chemical Society

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